Fair Use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phono records, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include the following:
The fact that a work is unpublished shall not itself bar a finding of fair use if such finding is made upon consideration of all the above factors.
Based on instructions used in some Irish third level institutions.
You can check out more information on the rules and guidelines of the each of the lists...
OPEN, OPENTECH, OPEN-Announce, OPEN-Spectrum and OWG